In the United States, each state can (and does) pass laws protecting employees working within state borders. Some states have more legislation to protect it’s employees, some has less.

However, federal legislation protects all employees working in the United States. The Acts referred to below are the most important pieces of legislation in this regard.

Federal legislation to protect employees

Relevant government bodies

  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission – Website | Purpose: responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against an employee or job applicant.
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration – Website | Purpose: assure safe and healthful working conditions by setting and enforcing standards, providing training, outreach, education and assistance, and to enforce whistleblower regulations.